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Victoria

Victoria (r. 1837-1901)

Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London, on 24 May 1819. She was the only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Her father died shortly after her birth and she became heir to the throne because the three uncles who were ahead of her in succession — George IV, Frederick Duke of York, and William IV — had no legitimate children who survived.

Warmhearted and lively, Victoria had a gift for drawing and painting; educated by a governess at home, she was a natural diarist and kept a regular journal throughout her life. On William IV’s death in 1837, she became Queen at the age of 18.

Queen Victoria is associated with Britain’s great age of industrial expansion, economic progress and, especially, empire. At her death, it was said, Britain had a worldwide empire on which the sun never set.

In the early part of her reign, she was influenced by two men: her first Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, and her husband, Prince Albert, whom she married in 1840. Both men taught her much about how to be a ruler in a ‘constitutional monarchy’ where the monarch had very few powers but could use much influence.

Albert took an active interest in the arts, science, trade and industry; the project for which he is best remembered was the Great Exhibition of 1851, the profits from which helped to establish the South Kensington museums complex in London.

Her marriage to Prince Albert brought nine children between 1840 and 1857. Most of her children married into other Royal families of Europe.

Edward VII (born 1841), married Alexandra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark. Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (born 1844) married Marie of Russia. Arthur, Duke of Connaught (born 1850) married Louise Margaret of Prussia. Leopold, Duke of Albany (born 1853) married Helen of Waldeck-Pyrmont.

Victoria, Princess Royal (born 1840) married Friedrich III, German Emperor. Alice (born 1843) married Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. Helena (born 1846) married Christian of Schleswig-Holstein. Louise (born 1848) married John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll. Beatrice (born 1857) married Henry of Battenberg.

Victoria bought Osborne House (later presented to the nation by Edward VII) on the Isle of Wight as a family home in 1845, and Albert bought Balmoral in 1852.

Victoria was deeply attached to her husband and she sank into depression after he died, aged 42, in 1861. She had lost a devoted husband and her principal trusted adviser in affairs of state. For the rest of her reign she wore black.

Until the late 1860s she rarely appeared in public; although she never neglected her official Correspondence, and continued to give audiences to her ministers and official visitors, she was reluctant to resume a full public life.

She was persuaded to open Parliament in person in 1866 and 1867, but she was widely criticised for living in seclusion and quite a strong republican movement developed.

Seven attempts were made on Victoria’s life, between 1840 and 1882 — her courageous attitude towards these attacks greatly strengthened her popularity.

With time, the private urgings of her family and the flattering attention of Benjamin Disraeli, Prime Minister in 1868 and from 1874 to 1880, the Queen gradually resumed her public duties.

In foreign policy, the Queen’s influence during the middle years of her reign was generally used to support peace and reconciliation. In 1864, Victoria pressed her ministers not to intervene in the Prussia-Austria-Denmark war, and her letter to the German Emperor (whose son had married her daughter) in 1875 helped to avert a second Franco-German war.

On the Eastern Question in the 1870s — the issue of Britain’s policy towards the declining Turkish Empire in Europe — Victoria (unlike Gladstone) believed that Britain, while pressing for necessary reforms, ought to uphold Turkish hegemony as a bulwark of stability against Russia, and maintain bi-partisanship at a time when Britain could be involved in war.

Victoria’s popularity grew with the increasing imperial sentiment from the 1870s onwards. After the Indian Mutiny of 1857, the government of India was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown with the position of Governor General upgraded to Viceroy, and in 1877 Victoria became Empress of India under the Royal Titles Act passed by Disraeli’s government.

During Victoria’s long reign, direct political power moved away from the sovereign. A series of Acts broadened the social and economic base of the electorate.

These acts included the Second Reform Act of 1867; the introduction of the secret ballot in 1872, which made it impossible to pressurise voters by bribery or intimidation; and the Representation of the Peoples Act of 1884 — all householders and lodgers in accommodation worth at least £10 a year, and occupiers of land worth £10 a year, were entitled to vote.

Despite this decline in the Sovereign’s power, Victoria showed that a monarch who had a high level of prestige and who was prepared to master the details of political life could exert an important influence.

This was demonstrated by her mediation between the Commons and the Lords, during the acrimonious passing of the Irish Church Disestablishment Act of 1869 and the 1884 Reform Act.

It was during Victoria’s reign that the modern idea of the constitutional monarch, whose role was to remain above political parties, began to evolve. But Victoria herself was not always non-partisan and she took the opportunity to give her opinions, sometimes very forcefully, in private.

After the Second Reform Act of 1867, and the growth of the two-party (Liberal and Conservative) system, the Queen’s room for manoeuvre decreased. Her freedom to choose which individual should occupy the premiership was increasingly restricted.

In 1880, she tried, unsuccessfully, to stop William Gladstone — whom she disliked as much as she admired Disraeli and whose policies she distrusted — from becoming Prime Minister. She much preferred the Marquess of Hartington, another statesman from the Liberal party which had just won the general election. She did not get her way.

She was a very strong supporter of Empire, which brought her closer both to Disraeli and to the Marquess of Salisbury, her last Prime Minister.

Although conservative in some respects — like many at the time she opposed giving women the vote — on social issues, she tended to favour measures to improve the lot of the poor, such as the Royal Commission on housing. She also supported many charities involved in education, hospitals and other areas.

Victoria and her family travelled and were seen on an unprecedented scale, thanks to transport improvements and other technical changes such as the spread of newspapers and the invention of photography. Victoria was the first reigning monarch to use trains — she made her first train journey in 1842.

In her later years, she almost became the symbol of the British Empire. Both the Golden (1887) and the Diamond (1897) Jubilees, held to celebrate the 50th and 60th anniversaries of the queen’s accession, were marked with great displays and public ceremonies. On both occasions, Colonial Conferences attended by the Prime Ministers of the self-governing colonies were held.

Despite her advanced age, Victoria continued her duties to the end — including an official visit to Dublin in 1900. The Boer War in South Africa overshadowed the end of her reign. As in the Crimean War nearly half a century earlier, Victoria reviewed her troops and visited hospitals; she remained undaunted by British reverses during the campaign: ‘We are not interested in the possibilities of defeat; they do not exist.’

Victoria died at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, on 22 January 1901 after a reign which lasted almost 64 years, the longest in British history.

She was buried at Windsor beside Prince Albert, in the Frogmore Royal Mausoleum, which she had built for their final resting place. Above the Mausoleum door are inscribed Victoria’s words: ‘farewell best beloved, here at last I shall rest with thee, with thee in Christ I shall rise again’.

http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensoftheUnitedKingdom/TheHanoverians/Victoria.aspx

Special Relationships

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«Ya’alili»

UK: try to expalain it … :-)

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Help israeli economy — buy israeli wine !

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What people know about Middle East

May be the source of anti-israelism in NA campuses isn’t antisemitism but rather illiteracy ?

Hanuka 2010, downtown Toronto

Magen Boys Entertainment Presents Hip Hop Chanukah

Thank You, Mr. Harper !

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End of era

For 50 years, Mark Chernin had been walking through the front doors of the old synagogue on Prince Street and seeing the same things every time. It was like home to him, or a part of home. He knew the place that well.

It was where he had his bar mitzvah. Where he went to Hebrew school. Where he learned, as a child, that nobody could escape the all-seeing gaze of old Mr. Lipkus, one of the Jewish elders.

Mr. Chernin is 53 now, and when he walked into The Congregation Sons of Israel Synagogue in Glace Bay, N.S., two weeks ago, the place he knew was not there anymore.

Read more: http://life.nationalpost.com/2010/08/02/closure-of-cape-breton%E2%80%99s-oldest-synagogue-marks-end-of-era/#ixzz0vVikJcaG

G20 Flotilla is coming to Toronto


Soldiers with guns. In our cities. In Canada. Turns out Paul Martin was right

“…Every day I see people with huge fat memos trying to discuss all the various things they have to do to prepare for G20,” said the IT director for RSM Richter, a mid-sized accounting firm based just one block north of the G20 barricade running along downtown Toronto’s King Street. “It is being down-played but there is a lot of fear…”

Read more: http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2010/06/18/soldiers-with-guns-in-our-cities-in-canada-turns-out-paul-martin-was-right/


G20: Anti-globalization protests wedded to violence

In truth, the anti-globalization protest movement always was composed of two distinct groups: (1) Legitimate left-wing activists with placards, flyers and websites; and (2) full-time criminals and delinquents who used anti-globalization as a pretext for street violence in the same way that English hooligans go at each other during soccer matches. In this second category, the most militant types affected a dimly understood attachment to anarchism, and played dress-up in combat attire, usually under the banner of the “Black Bloc.”

Read more: http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2010/06/18/g20-anti-globalization-protests-wedded-to-violence/

Background:

G20 summit puts Toronto in a new league

Despite all of these negatives and limitations, hosting the meetings is worthwhile for Canada and Toronto. And I think so not only because I am just old enough to have been alive when Churchill and Roosevelt had the effrontery to agree not to invite Mackenzie King to attend the second Quebec Conference. It is evidence of the rise of Canada in the world that it has a place at these meetings, and Toronto has become a presentable enough city by world standards to showcase to world leaders. All the money spent will be spent in-country and qualifies in the recessionary argot as economic stimulus. Of course a lot of it is pretentious nonsense: the platitudes, the staginess, the vapid communiqués at the end (which have probably been written already). But this is one of the rites of passage as this country has made its way from the back to the front row of the world’s nations. Let’s just see these pompous meetings as a celebration of that.

Read more: http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2010/06/19/conrad-black-g20-summit-puts-toronto-in-a-new-league/

Не все против нас…

«…All Canadians can be proud that the country has a prime minister who does not grovel to the received international opinion on matters such as the Middle East. (He rendered the same service on the global-warming debate by not signing Canada prematurely onto one of the Doomdsay scenarios, that have become the subject of scientific reappraisal.) This is a huge improvement on the trendy pandering of Pierre Trudeau: the Third Way, North-South, his absurd arms-control proposals, facilitation of Castro’s war-making in Angola, veneration of the Nyerere economic miracle in Tanzania (a 90% decline in per capita income). On these matters, Stephen Harper has been a prophet with honour.»

Read more: http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2010/06/12/conrad-black-israels-friends-in-canada/

«How is aid to help Gaza so long as that aid is manipulated by a terrorist group for its own purposes? How is peace to come so long as half the Palestinian population is governed by that terrorist group?…»

Read more: http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2010/06/12/david-frum-the-gaza-flotillas-real-message/

И даже этот так считает :-))))

«Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas is opposed to lifting the naval blockade of the Gaza Strip because this would bolster Hamas, according to what he told United States President Barack Obama during their meeting at the White House Wednesday. Egypt also supports this position. «

http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/abbas-to-obama-i-m-against-lifting-of-gaza-blockade-1.295771

Canada-Israel, 60 years of friendship

Canada-Israel Stamp
In an increasingly interconnected world, Canada’s opportunity to grow in peace and prosperity rests on the strength of our country-to-country bonds. These relationships have shaped our national identity, both at home and abroad, and they’ve furthered the sophistication of our economy, and the diversity of our culture and people. This April, Canada Post will issue an international rate commemorative stamp to celebrate Canada’s strong bilateral relationship with Israel—a friendship that spans six decades and is marked by shared values, common interests, and strong political, economic, cultural and social ties. The stamp, which marks the first joint issue between Canada and Israel, will be cancelled in both countries’ capital cities…

Рон Бен-Ишай: Война за де-легитимацию

Уже не идет речь об использовании ошибок Израиля, — имеет место инициированная систематическая изощеренная  непрерывная кампания. Что бы мы не сделали, не сказали, — все будет обращено против нас. Даже наши хорошие друзья настроены скептически… Но сделать мы можем много чего…

Поток последних событий в районе на международной арене четко выявил новую стратегическую ситуацию, грозящую Израилю не меньше, чем ядерный Иран или СКАДы у Хизбаллы и Сирии. Можно назвать это «моральной войной», «агитационной войной» или «войной за СМИ»,  но я бы предпочел «Война за де-легитимацию».

Речь идет о глобальной атаке в четырех плоскостях — в СМИ, политической, экономической и юридической. Цель — лишить Израиль легитимного права использовать силу для самозащиты, а затем — лишить Израиль легитимного права на существование.

В прошлом Израиль также подвергался подобным атакам, но они были ограничены по масштабу и во времени. В основном это была пропаганда, которая в итоге отвергалась западными странами, поддерживавшими Израиль.
В нашем случае — речь идет не об использовании ошибок Израиля в пропагандистских целях, — идет активная целенаправленная стратегическая кампания, инициированная исламскими странами и организациями, при поддержке неправительственных организаций Запада. Их цель — привести Израиль к международной изоляции, а затем усаживать его раз за разом на скамью подсудимых на любом международном форуме.  В такой ситуации Израиль потеряет решимость применять силу для самозащиты, из опасения навлечь на себя экономические санкции и потрять поддержку Запада и США. Что еще серьезнее: кампания проходит в такой обстановке, что традиционные союзники Израиля уже не знают что выбрать — поддержку Израиля или поддержку «умеренных» исламистов в войне против «джихадистов».

Настоящая атака началась после операции «Литой свинец», первый выстрел сделал Голдстон, затем присоединилась комиссия ООН с требованием лишить Израиль права на ядерные технологии, и сейчас — «флотилия», цель которой, при активном участии турецкого правительства, представить Израиль бандитско-пиратским государством, держащим в заложниках 1.5 миллиона палестинцев в Газе. Провокация должна заставить Израиль СНЯТЬ блокаду Газы, чтобы Иран и другие радикальные исламисты смогли бы неограниченно и беспрепятственно по морю снабжать оружием ХАМАС.

ПОЭТОМУ, нет смысла в выяснениях подробностей операции спецназа, искать ошибки и недочеты. Армия и правительство это должны сделать без нашего участия. Это не самое главное, — даже если бы на борту не было бы убитых и раненных — сам факт ареста судна вызвал бы осуждение во всем мире, обеспечив тем самым достижение поставленных организаторами «флотилии» целей.

Можно сравнить всю эту исламистско-анархистскую  стратегию с футболом. Все усилия исламской команды направлены на провоцированиe  нарушений со стороны второй команды (Израиль), и не простые нарушения, а такие, за которые судья (СБ ООН) будет показывать одну красную карточку за другой, удаляя с поля одного игрока за другим (ЦАХАЛ, Моссад, ШАБАК).

Особое внимание следует уделить проблеме с Турцией, т.е. проблеме стратегического поворота в политике Турции, инициированный фанатичным и циничным турецким премьером Эрдоганом, решившим так отреагировать на провалы попыток его страны войти в ЕС и стать полноправным участником ближневосточного урегулирования с помощью посредничества в переговорах между Израилем и Сирией.
Турция повернулась спиной к Западу и старается возглавить исламский мир, а для этого надо бить по Израилю.
Мы не можем этого предотвратить и поэтому надо готовиться к плачевному исходу в наших отношениях. Дело не ограничится прекращением экономического сотрудничества. В Иерусалиме некоторые не исключают возможность, что турецкий флот будет сопровождать следующую «флотилию» в Газу. И тогда Израилю придется решать — оказывать ли вооруженное противостояние недавнему союзнику.

Да, такая возможность существует, но Израиль может через США и НАТО оказать на Турцию нужное воздействие. Израиль может воздержаться от лишней риторики в отношениях с Анкарой и не реагировать на любые слова Эрдогана. Но  нельзя поддаваться на провокации и идти у него на поводу. Надо сдержаться и не «тыкать» туркам их «художества» в Ираке и турецком Курдистане. Многочисленные враги Эрдогана (в основном в армии) встанут на его сторону, если почувствуют, что израильские «респонсы» унижают национальное достоинство турецкого народа.

Вместе с тем, необходимо делать все, чтобы открыть и обнародовать сотрудничество турецкого правительства с «джихадистскими элементами», устроившими линч на судне «Мармара». Если Израиль сможет это сделать, то пыл Эрдогана заметно охладится… В любом случае, в данный момент возможность израильско-турецкого конфликта видится маловероятной, а если это и произойдет, следует быть уверенным, что Израиль сможет  постоять за себя и свои интересы.

В данных международных климатических обстоятельствах — любые усилия Израиля в СМИ заранее обречены на провал.
Просвещенный мир живет по оруэлловским стандартам, возведя вокруг себя словесную непробиваемую фактами стену.
Политики Европы, Америки, Китая и России ограничиваются осторожными выражениями «сожаления» о каждой ошибке, результате которой некоторая тибетская, чеченская или афганская деревня лишется множества своих совершенно живых жителей. Но если речь идт об Израиле, эти же политические деятели теряют самообладание и требуют международных следственных комиссий,  которые должны расследовать — как посмели еврейские солдаты защищать свои жизни от толпы «джихадистов», которых СМИ называет не иначе как «мирные активисты» и «демонстранты». По большому счету, кроме США и Канады у Израиля нет сегодня настоящих друзей. И даже поддержка этих стран все более ослабевает.

Но, все-таки, не стоит отчаиваться и оставлять поле битвы в СМИ врагу.
Нельзя также думать, что нам нечего терять, а значит — можно полагаться только на военную силу, без всяких моральных ограничений. Израильская пропаганда должна ловить врага на лжи, убеждать поддерживающих Израиль(и главным образом евреев всего мира) в нашей правоте, обеспечивать их доводами и информацией.

Нахождение Авигдора Либермана и его окружения — во главе израильской дипломатии не только не улучшает наш имидж среди друзей, но и торпедирует попытки убедить тех, кто хочет, чтобы их убедили, а также задерживает действия, которые бы быстро смогли улучшить наше непростое положение — например — серьёзные переговоры с абу-Мазеном.

В этот час, ЦАХАЛ, ШАБАК и Моссад должны сделать публичность своих действий минимальным…
Например, в 80-е годы Израиль предотвратил выход в море т.н. «Флотилии возвращения», которая должна была отплыть из Кипра. Спецназ ВМФ позаботился, чтобы судно не смогло отчалить.
Подобная операция, если бы была проведена творчески и уверенно, в сочетании с дипломатией, могла бы предотвратить часть ущерба, нанесенного «флотилией».

(Ron Ben Yishaj, YNET)

hebrew text:

http://www.ynet.co.il/Ext/Comp/ArticleLayout/CdaArticlePrintPreview/1,2506,L-3898069,00.html

What the media won’t report about Gaza

By Tom Gross

In recent days, the international media, particularly in Europe and the Mideast, has been full of stories about “activist boats sailing to Gaza carrying desperately-needed humanitarian aid and building materials.”

The BBC World Service even led its world news broadcasts with this story at one point over the weekend. (The BBC yesterday boasted that its global news audience has now risen to 220 million persons a week, making it by far the biggest news broadcaster in the world.)

Indeed the BBC and other prominent Western media regularly lead their viewers and readers astray with accounts of a non-existent “mass humanitarian catastrophe” in Gaza.
What they won’t tell you about are the fancy new restaurants and swimming pools of Gaza, or about the wind surfing competitions on Gaza beaches, or the Strip’s crowded shops and markets. Many Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza live a middle class (and in some cases an upper class) lifestyle that western journalists refuse to report on because it doesn’t fit with the simplistic story they were sent to write…

And here is a promotional video of the club restaurant . In case anyone doubts the authenticity of this video, I just called the club in Gaza City and had a nice chat with the manager who proudly confirmed business is booming and many Palestinians and international guests are dining there:

Read more >>>>>>>

Daniel Pipes: Towards an Israeli victory

Meylakh Sheykhet, protector of Ukraine’s lost Jewish cemeteries

By Kathryn Blaze Carlson

Ever since he ventured into the Ukrainian countryside and saw the remnants of bulldozed Jewish cemeteries, and ever since he saw Holocaust mass graves that lie unkempt in the forests there, Meylakh Sheykhet has fought for the right to remember.

Over the past 20 years, Mr. Sheykhet has found and worked to restore more than 150 Jewish cemeteries in Ukraine and neighbouring Belarus, cemeteries that were destroyed or forgotten under Soviet rule.

With his greying beard and traditional Jewish dress, Mr. Sheykhet is known in Ukraine and beyond as the guardian of Jewish cemeteries. His voice is calm but impassioned as he speaks of his mission to preserve the history of a once-thriving Jewish community.

http://network.nationalpost.com/NP/blogs/holy-post/archive/2010/04/10/the-saturday-interview-meylakh-sheykhet-protector-of-ukraine-s-lost-jewish-cemeteries.aspx

Андрэ Рио — Торонто 26 июня 2010

«Всемирная анти-израильская сеть»

 «Think tank: Israel faces global delegitimization campaign»

«Reut says the campaign is the work of a worldwide network of private individuals and organizations. They have no hierarchy or overall commander, but work together based on a joint ideology — portraying Israel as a pariah state and denying its right to exist. Reut lists the network’s major hubs — London, Brussels, Madrid, Toronto, San Francisco and the University of California, Berkeley.»

полностью:  http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1149274.html

иврит:  http://www.haaretz.co.il/hasite/spages/1149334.html

Дуду Фишер: Торонто, 22 февраля 2010

Сегодня — 2 февраля… опять…

Ending demonization of Israel, the Canadian way

«The abuse of human rights and international law as weapons to demonize Israel spread rapidly following the infamous 2001 NGO Forum of the Durban Conference. From the Jenin «massacre» myth to the Goldstone war crimes accusations, these attacks, which are often led by government-funded groups, have mushroomed.
Indeed, in a recent Knesset speech, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu recognized the extent of the threat, comparing it to the Iranian nuclear program.
But in sharp contrast to many other countries involved in this process, particularly in Europe, Canada has reversed course. The government in Ottawa has sought to end the flow of taxpayer funds, recently cutting funds for a group known as KAIROS that played a central role in the BDS — boycott, divestment, and sanctions — dimension of demonization.»

http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/fullcomment/archive/2010/01/20/jerusalem-post-on-kairos.aspx

Раввин Арье Кацин о сионизме и иудаизме

Обсуждение на блоге рава Арье Кацина: «Лучше чтобы еврей остался в России или ехал в Америку»

http://toldot.ru/blogs/katzin/katzin_82.html

Продолжение:

http://toldot.ru/blogs/katzin/katzin_90.html

Бойкот бойкотов

«Правительство Канады недавно решило сократить или полностью прекратить дотации организациям, призывающим к бойкоту Израиля или израильских продуктов…»
«The Canadian government has recently decided to cut back or entirely withdraw the funding to organizations that encourage a boycott of Israel or Israeli products…»

http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3834666,00.html

Тема: Baskerville, автор: Anders Noren.

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